スポンサーリンク   トップ会話でよく使う熟語基本動詞10と重要表現

基本動詞10と重要表現

英語の会話力をアップさせるためには、重要なポイントとして3つある
と思っています。リスニング力、スピーキング力、そして一番の基礎と
なる語彙力です。

ある見方をすると、この語彙力が一番重要かも知れません。もしもこの
力がなければ、当然、リスニングもスピーキングもできないのですから。

そういう意味で、今回はこの語彙力を高めるため、最重要な基本動詞の
熟語表現やその他の補足表現を整理していくことにしました。

【 on 】

休暇でon vacationI went to Kyoto on vacation last month.
仕事でon businessI will go to Yokohama on business next month.
スケジュール通りにon scheduleIs this bullet train on schedule?
時間どおりにon timeEverybody came to this room on time.
徒歩でon footI go to our office on foot.
勤務中on dutyThis policeman is on duty.
ダイエット中on a dietMy wife is on a diet now.

【 on 】

身につけるput onI put snow tires on my car.
試着するtry onMay I try this jacket on?
~次第であるdepend onIt depends on the weather.
依存するrely onHe still rely on his parents.
あてにするcount onWhen you are in trouble, you can count on me.
~で食っているlive onHe has to live on the pension.
~し続けるgo onShe went on singing all night.
スイッチを入れるturn onPlease turn on the PC.
電話切らないでhold onHold on a moment, please.
私のおごりon meI'll pay for this. It's on me.
固執するinsist onHe insist on his theory.
押しつけるimpose onHe always impose his opinion on me.
即座にon the spotThe policeman arrested this man on the spot.
~などand so onHe has many hobbies, driving, camping and so on.

【 of 】

~のためbecause ofBecause of rain, we couldn't go fishing.
~のかわりにinstead ofHe always uses credit cards instead of cash.
~の場合in case ofIn case of a fire, use the emergency stairs.
~にかかわらずin spite ofIn spite of the rain, the game was not canselled.
~を担当するin charge ofWho is in charge of the sales section?
~の見地からin terms ofHe chooses his job only in terms of salary.
~構成されているconsist ofJapan consists of four main islands.

【 to 】

BよりAを好むprefer A to BI prefer wine to beer.
~より優れているsuperior toYou are superior to me.
~の隣にnext toMy house is next to his house.
~に似ているsimilar toHis idea is very similar to mine.
~に所属しているbelong toI belong to a soccer club.
ある程度までto some extentHe has studied Psycology to some extent.
~に加えてin addition toShe can speak French in addition to English.

【 with 】

取り扱うdeal withI have to deal with all kinds of people.
に満足であるbe satisfied withAre you satisfied with your job?
耐えるput up withI can't put up with this hot weather.
対処するcope withHe can't cope with the problem.
良く知っているbe familiar withAre you familiar with this road?
~に追いつくcatch up withI must study hard to catch up with her.
にうんざりするbe fed up withI'm fed up with his laziness.

【 be + ○ 】

~に興味があるbe intereste inI am interested in flower arrangement.
~に夢中であるbe crazy aboutI am crazy about my girlfriend.
~を恐れるbe afraid ofShe is afraid of getting lung cancer.
~が得意であるbe good atAre you good at swimming?
~を誇りに思うbe proud ofI am proud of my son.
~に飽きるbe tired ofI am tired of waiting for you.
~が好きですbe fond ofShe is fond of cats very much.
~に嫌気がするbe sick ofI am sick of this hot weather.
に気づき覚めるbe aware ofI am aware of environment problems.
~でいっぱいだbe full ofThe Hirosaki-park is full of people.
を恥ずかしく思うbe ashamed ofI am ashamed of Japanese politics.

【 get 】

(バス、電車に)乗り込むget onShe is getting on the bus.
(バス、電車に)降りるget offHe is getting off the train.
~から回復するget overI hope you will get over your cold soon.
集まるget togetherLet's get together again.
とうまくやっていくget along withDo you get along with your wife?
~と結婚するget married toHe will get married to Nancy next week.
~に慣れるget used toHe will get used to living in Akita.

【 give 】

あきらめるgive upHe gave up the idea of going to Canada.
スピーチをするgive a speechI gave a speech at the wedding today.
コンサートをするgive a concertThe Beatles gave five concerts in Tokyo.
宜しく伝えてgive my best regards toGive my best regards to your mother.

【 take 】

散歩するtake a walkI like taking a walk.
お風呂に入るtake a bathI take a bath every day.
休憩をとるtake a breakLet's take a break.
ちょっと見るtake a lookLet me take a look.
昼寝をするtake a napI take a nap every afternoon.
気楽にやるtake it easyGood-by, take it easy.
引継ぐtake overHe has taken over his father's business.
のんびりやるtake your timeTake your time, or you may make some mistakes.
参加するtake part inDo you take part in English lesson?
起こるtake placeDo you know what time that accident took place?

 

~するはずであるbe supposed toI'm soupposed to go to Kyoto tomorrow.
~する余裕がないcan't afford toHe can't afford to buy a new car.
心待ちにしているlook forward to …ingI'm looking forward to seeing you soon.
~したものだったused toShe used to play basketball.
~した方がよいhad betterYou had better go home now.

 

少なくともat leastI should finish my homework at least by Monday.
遅かれ早かれsooner or laterHe will make a good lawyer sooner or later.
実はIn factIn fact he is a billionaire.
実のところAs a matter of factAs a matter of fact, I did it.
まず最初にFirst of allFirst of all, I must say this.
端的に言うとIn shortIn short I don't want you to work for that company.
長い目で見るとIn the long runIn the long run we can save much money by the machine.
ところでBy the wayBy the way, what do you do?
本当のこと言うとTo tell the truthTo tell the truth, he is a famous lawyer.
驚いたことにTo my surpriseTo my surprise, he got married to a very beautiful actress.
私の視点で言えばFrom my point of viewFrom my point of view, Australia is one of the best countries.
~のおかげでThanks toThanks to the taxi driver, we had a very wonderful time.
大ざっぱに言えばRoughly speakingRoughly speaking, there were about 30 people in the bus.
一般的に言えばGenerally speakingGenerally speaking, Americans are taller than Japanese.
一方On the other handOn the other hand some Americans are very poor.

 

ただでfor freeI got this CD player for free.
急いでin a hurryWe are in a hurry.
むだにin vainHis efforts were in vain.
今までのところso farHe is doing very well so far.
永久にfor goodI will quit somoking for good.
~以上more thanThere are more than 100 people in the room.
~以下less thanIt takes less than six hours to get to Osaka by car.

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