トップよく使う語句よく使う文型

よく使う文型

 言いたいことを素早く言い表すために一番重要なことは、
 言いたいことを適切に表すための入り口である、
 ”最初の文型”の選択だと思います。

 この文型を素早く適切なものを選ぶことができたら、
 次のフレーズ以降は半ば自動的に使う表現が固まり、
 素早く文をまとめることができます。

 そういう意味で、基本となる文型をよく理解して、
 素早く選んで活用できるようになることが、
 英会話をスムーズに話せるようになる上で、
 とても大事なことだと思っています。

体験を通して選んだ基本文

 多くの書籍で重要な基本文はこれだと、述べられている中で、
 いろいろな体験をしながら本当によく使う基本文は何かを
 考えてきました。

 そしてまずは初級者が、入門編として一番先に使いこなせる
 ようになっておくべきと感じた基本文を、110だけ
 ピックアップしました。

 そのほとんどのものは、中学で習った英文です。
 なんだこんな簡単なもの・・と思われるかも知れませんが、
 目の前にネィティブがいるときにサッとすぐに引き出して
 話せるかどうかがポイントです。

 理解できることと使いこなせることとは違います。
 スピーキングでは使いこなせないと意味がないのです。

構成

 110基本文の構成は、自分の体験を通してよく使ったと思う
 順番で並べています。従って主観が入っていますので、
 その点はご理解ください。

 まずは前半50文を使いこなせるようになれば、
 英会話ができなかった人が、数十分は話せるようになる
 思います。

 勉強すべき対象を明確にすれば、勉強のモチベーションが
 上がります。

 まずは50文と決めて、5文ずつ使いこなしの練習をするのが
 良いと思います。

 

わたしが選んだ110基本文

 01) What kind of drink do you want?
 02) Which do you like better, tea or coffee?
 03) Who are you going with?
 04) When is your birthday?
 05) Why are you smiling?

 06) Where do you live?
 07) Whose books are these?
 08) How can I get tickets / for a baseball game?
 09) How many people were there / in the room?
 10) How much money do you have?

 11) How about seeing a doctor?
 12) How long does it take from here to the station?
 13) How far is it from here to Tokyo?
 14) How often do you play tennis?
 15) Will you show me some pens?

 16) Can I speak to you a moment?
 17) Can you cook sukiyaki?
 18) Could you come and see me tomorrow?
 19) May I take a picture?
 20) Shall I go with you?

 21) I would like to know / how to make sushi.
 22) I'm going to have a party.
 23) There are many restaurants / in this area.
 24) I'm looking forward to seeing you.
 25) I am very happy if I can meet you / on Sunday.

 26) Have you ever been to Japan?
 27) I visited Nikko / last Sunday.
 28) Do you like music?
 29) This is a present / for you.
 30) It is better for you to go to bed / ealier time.

 31) Are you new here?
 32)  The weather was / neither hot nor cold.
 33) Please show me / how to use it.
 34) Kyoto is older than Tokyo?
 35) You had better stay / at home.

 36) Let's play tennis / after school.
 37) Riding a bicycle is good for your health.
 38) I think it’s the most famous street / in Kyoto.
 39) She went to the station to see him off.
 40) I was so surprised that I couldn't say anything.

 41) What are you going to do / on Sunday?
 42) What's in the box?
 43) What sports do you enjoy?
 44) Which season do you like the best?
 45) Which team won the game?

 46) Which is the cheapest of these?
 47) Who is he?
 48) Who teaches you English?
 49) Would you like something to drink?
 50) Is this a pen or a pencil?

 51) I was too tired to go there.
 52) We enjoyed watching the movie.
 53) She must be angry.
 54) My grandmother gets up earlier than me.
 55) He is the tallest / in this office.

 56) In Europe, soccer is more popular than baseball.
 57) It's getting colder and colder / day by day.
 58) I used to discuss the problem / with him.
 59) Look! It's raining.
 60) If convenient for you, please extend the meeting / after a week.

 61) If you don't mind, I would like to sit / outside.
 62) You should run after her / now.
 63) I have to leave / now.
 64) We must change our schedule.
 65) It may rain / this evening.

 66) I'm waiting for you / at the busstop.
 67) How beautiful!
 68) What a delicious meal!
 69) This box is too big.
 70) You like tennis, don't you?

 71) Tom is as tall as his father.
 72) Are you still cleaning your room?
 73) I saw him running.
 74) I can't understand what you mean.
 75) Do you know who he is?

 76) Don't worry about that.
 77) I'm sure I have a reservation.
 78) The field is covered with water.
 79) The e-mail made her happy.
 80) He is not a Korean but a Chinese.

 81) It's my chopstick that you are using now.
 82) You can choose whichever you like.
 83) Please call me whenever you are in trouble.
 84) This is the place where the accident happned.
 85) The products are sold not only in Japan but also in the U.S.

 86) The fact is that they were already married.
 87) I haven't seen you / for a long time.
 88) Do you mind my my opening the window?
 89) Do you have a room available / for tomorrow night?
 90) She left the room without saying anything.

 91) I've just finished my work.
 92) Your room is three times as large as mine.
 93) It seems that she is satisfied with his explanation.
 94) It is strange that the hero never dies / from his wounds.
 95) Though he made an effort, he couldn't achieve his goal.

 96) I wish I had sent you an e-mail sooner.
 97) If I had enough money, I would move to a larger apartment.
 98) Someone knocked on the door.
 99) No one could answer the question.
 100) Everyone was surprised / at the news.

 101) I wonder when he will be back.
 102) He treated me as if I were a child.
 103) To be frank with you, I didn't trust him.
 104) Generally speaking, people in this country are friendly.
 105) I have a friend who is living in South Korea.

 106) I have a cousin living in New York.
 107) I bought a camera made in Russia.
 108) I'm wise enough to take care of myself.
 109) If he had started at ten, he would be here / now.
 110) If I had time, I would visit Toronto.

◆この関連ページもよく読まれています。
 ・よく使う基本文 100     (視点変えて新たにピックアップした基本文)
 ・英語の語順で会話し基本文暗記(レストランでの会話例では17回のやり取り)
 ・英文作成:早見表      (3要素を組み合わせ簡単に作文するやり方)
 

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